This report, based on field research, documents which features of business work in fragile areas and how businesses operate in regard to strategy, contract enforcement, and other aspects of firm behavior. The study was conducted in three conflict-affected jurisdictions: the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), an arena of long-simmering conflict; Somaliland, nominally part of a federation coming out of three decades of almost continuous conflict; and South Sudan, a new country that at the time of writing still struggles with civil war.
The case studies seek answers to two primary questions:
What strategies do companies use to conduct business in the eastern DRC, Somaliland, and South Sudan?
And what are the implications of firm behavior in these three jurisdictions?
Specific implications and recommendations, while country-specific, can generally be summarized as follows:
In 2005 the member states of the UN committed to preventing and stopping the mass atrocity crimes of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. This commitment was formally called the “Responsibility to Protect” (R2P), and
This report provides a common operating picture based on diverse information collected from renewable energy experts, development actors, donors, and Somali businesspeople in the traditional and emerging renewable energy market.
Business associations can be an effective tool for facilitating good governance, but are an often incorrectly understood concept even by individuals close to the institutions. This paper introduces the potential benefit in the formation of business
This policy brief is based on “The Role of Business in the Responsibility to Protect,” a chapter which appeared in The Responsibility to Protect and the Third Pillar: Legitimacy and Operationalization.