This report, based on field research, documents which features of business work in fragile areas and how businesses operate in regard to strategy, contract enforcement, and other aspects of firm behavior. The study was conducted in three conflict-affected jurisdictions: the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), an arena of long-simmering conflict; Somaliland, nominally part of a federation coming out of three decades of almost continuous conflict; and South Sudan, a new country that at the time of writing still struggles with civil war.
The case studies seek answers to two primary questions:
What strategies do companies use to conduct business in the eastern DRC, Somaliland, and South Sudan?
And what are the implications of firm behavior in these three jurisdictions?
Specific implications and recommendations, while country-specific, can generally be summarized as follows:
An OEF Research report authored by Ken Scott and Laura Rhodes reviewed international and national legal systems, laws, and practices regarding applicable norms and corporate responsibilities related to human rights abuses, and more specifically, mass
A comprehensive review of the range of activities undertaken by the private sector before, during, and immediately after the 2013 elections is the subject of a research report by Victor Owuor and Scott Wisor.This policy brief discusses key
Following the disputed presidential election results in 2007- 08, widespread violence engulfed Kenya, killing over one thousand people and displacing hundreds of thousands. One in three Kenyans were directly affected by the violence.
Past research on business engagement with human rights, peace, and security has identified specific reasons why national and transnational companies may be interested in participating, as well as how they have contributed to protecting human rights
This paper discusses the challenges and opportunities of the banking segment in Somalia. It reviews current systems for financial transfers and discusses the possibility of the introduction of a two-tier banking system.