An OEF Research report authored by Ken Scott and Laura Rhodes reviewed international and national legal systems, laws, and practices regarding applicable norms and corporate responsibilities related to human rights abuses, and more specifically, mass atrocities. This policy brief is a summary of their research and OEF Research’s recommendations concerning the responsibilities of corporate actors in terms of human rights abuses, violations of international humanitarian law, and mass atrocity crimes.
Policy recommendations for national, corporate, and civil society organizations:
In the absence of a clearer, more effective international legal framework for holding corporations accountable for human rights abuses and violations of international humanitarian law, national governments can implement laws to directly shape their behavior.
National laws can be informed by international norms that identify shared responsibilities or limitations on appropriate action.
Companies can support existing international treaties and customary law and also participate in the development of international law by incorporating international norms into their own codes of conduct and behavior.
Civil Society Organizations
CSOs can increase the efficacy of international norms and national laws by publicizing violations and submitting information to authorities for the investigation, prosecution, or other policing of corporate offenders and their officers, directors, or agents.
International Governmental Organizations
By serving as forums where consensus on human rights issues emerges, IGOs can generate international norms related to correct corporate behavior and possible liability, which can in turn provide the foundation for both judicial and non-judicial regulation of corporate behavior.
This report, based on field research, documents which features of business work in fragile areas and how businesses operate in regard to strategy, contract enforcement, and other aspects of firm behavior.
In 2005 the member states of the UN committed to preventing and stopping the mass atrocity crimes of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. This commitment was formally called the “Responsibility to Protect” (R2P), and
This report provides a common operating picture based on diverse information collected from renewable energy experts, development actors, donors, and Somali businesspeople in the traditional and emerging renewable energy market.
Business associations can be an effective tool for facilitating good governance, but are an often incorrectly understood concept even by individuals close to the institutions. This paper introduces the potential benefit in the formation of business