This report provides a common operating picture based on diverse information collected from renewable energy experts, development actors, donors, and Somali businesspeople in the traditional and emerging renewable energy market. This report updates and draws heavily on OEF’s previous Powering Progress report. This report outlines key problems in the Somali energy market, including issues of access, affordability, and reliability. It explores the benefits to the economy, society, and individual families from increased electrification and the potential of renewable energy in contributing to Somali development. Finally, the report outlines key trends in the Somali energy sector and profiles eighteen firms contacted for this study and gives an in-depth appraisal of the investment climate and facilities available to Somali firms in the energy sector. The conclusions and recommendations explore key avenues to improving coordination among stakeholders and increasing the share of renewable energy in the Somali region.
Electricity is a foundational element of the Somali economy and state, and the renewable sector has significant potential in supporting greater access to electricity. Recommendations increasing the potential of renewable energy include the following:
Improved training and education opportunities
More effective technology transfer
Improvements to infrastructure
Improved governance of energy markets
Better cooperation and integration among stakeholders
This report, based on field research, documents which features of business work in fragile areas and how businesses operate in regard to strategy, contract enforcement, and other aspects of firm behavior.
In 2005 the member states of the UN committed to preventing and stopping the mass atrocity crimes of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. This commitment was formally called the “Responsibility to Protect” (R2P), and