This policy brief is based on “The Role of Business in the Responsibility to Protect,” a chapter which appeared in The Responsibility to Protect and the Third Pillar: Legitimacy and Operationalization. This chapter, by Conor Seyle and Eamon Aloyo, reviewed existing research on the Responsibility to Protect and the role of business in security and conflict to argue that there is a concrete role for private-sector actors to contribute to the “timely and decisive response” to violations of the Responsibility to Protect that characterized “Third-Pillar” responses.
Private sector actors have a concrete role to play in response to violations of the Responsibility to Protect doctrine.
Private-sector actors should be seen as potential partners in attempts to stop ongoing violations of the Responsibility to Protect.
Outreach should emphasize specific and concrete steps that can be taken by private-sector actors to address the violation.
Telecommunications firms should be specifically targeted for engagement in interventions to stop RtoP violations.
Private-sector entities in regions experiencing mass atrocity crimes should consider taking independent action to protect civilians.
This report, based on field research, documents which features of business work in fragile areas and how businesses operate in regard to strategy, contract enforcement, and other aspects of firm behavior.
In 2005 the member states of the UN committed to preventing and stopping the mass atrocity crimes of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. This commitment was formally called the “Responsibility to Protect” (R2P), and