OEF Research views political conflict as symptomatic of a breakdown in governance. We take an inclusive view of political conflict by examining many forms, including interstate war, civil war, terrorism, government repression, rebellion, and protest. Similar across all modes of political conflict is that the parties resort to disruptive and sometimes violent tactics as a strategic choice toward some political end. OEF Research explores a myriad of issues about this process, such as how actors end up in conflict (root causes), conflict dynamics, peace negotiations, the international community’s role in preventing or encouraging conflict, the role of non-state actors during and after conflict, and how political institutions can be used to consolidate peace.
This article explains coup activity in democracies by adapting insights from the literature on commitment problems and framing coup around the threats leaders and potential coup plotters pose to each other.
One Earth FutureWritten byOne Earth Futureon November 2, 2015
Is a world without war possible in the 21st century?Trends in armed conflict and a developing body of social scientific research suggest that this idea is plausible.Based on a discussion of high-level experts held in 2014, this report reviews the
When rebels provide social services, do they have more leverage negotiating the terms of a peace deal? The literature suggests service-providing groups may, on average, have a wider base of support and a more centralized organizational structure.