Political Conflict

OEF Research views political conflict as symptomatic of a breakdown in governance. We take an inclusive view of political conflict by examining many forms, including interstate war, civil war, terrorism, government repression, rebellion, and protest. Similar across all modes of political conflict is that the parties resort to disruptive and sometimes violent tactics as a strategic choice toward some political end. OEF Research explores a myriad of issues about this process, such as how actors end up in conflict (root causes), conflict dynamics, peace negotiations, the international community’s role in preventing or encouraging conflict, the role of non-state actors during and after conflict, and how political institutions can be used to consolidate peace.

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Key Contributors

Peace Research Director
Conor Seyle
Director
Coup Researcher Curtis Bell
Curtis Bell
Research Associate
Jay Benson Researcher
Jay Benson
Researcher
Lindsay Heger Researcher
Lindsay Heger
Associate Director
Peace Scientist Andrew Mack
Andrew Mack
Fellow

Related Publications

Democracies and coups

Why Democratization Does Not Solve the Coup Problem

Written by Curtis Bell, One Earth Future on March 7, 2016

Since the end of the Cold War, the military coup d’état has become the greatest threat to transitional democracies around the world.

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Democracy and Coup d’État

Coup d’État and Democracy

Written by Curtis Bell on February 19, 2016

This article explains coup activity in democracies by adapting insights from the literature on commitment problems and framing coup around the threats leaders and potential coup plotters pose to each other.

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Coups d'Etat and Civil War

When and Why Coups Occur During Civil War

Written by Curtis Bell on January 15, 2016

Coups d’état are frequently both causes and consequences of larger-scale civil wars and rebellions.

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Empirical Trends in Peace

The Century of Peace? Empirical Trends in Peace and Conflict

One Earth Future Written by One Earth Future on November 2, 2015

Is a world without war possible in the 21st century?Trends in armed conflict and a developing body of social scientific research suggest that this idea is plausible.Based on a discussion of high-level experts held in 2014, this report reviews the

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Causes and Outcomes of Coup during Civil War

The Causes and Outcomes of Coup during Civil War

Written by Curtis Bell, Jun Koga Sudduth on October 1, 2015

Though approximately one in four coup attempts takes place during an ongoing civil war, scholars have not yet analyzed how the incidence of civil war affects coup attempts and outcomes.

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Rebels and Service Provision

Negotiating With Rebels: The Effect of Rebel Service Provision on Conflict Negotiations

Written by Lindsay Heger, Danielle F. Jung on September 29, 2015

When rebels provide social services, do they have more leverage negotiating the terms of a peace deal? The literature suggests service-providing groups may, on average, have a wider base of support and a more centralized organizational structure.

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Strengthening Maritime Security

Non-State Actors in Maritime Security

Written by Conor Seyle, Jens Vestergaard Madsen on July 20, 2015

Non-state actors have a strong counter-piracy role for the maritime sector, potentially greater than the role they play in land-based problems.

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Prosecuting pirates

The Issue of Juvenile Piracy

Jon Belish Written by Jon Belish on June 15, 2015

This chapter was published as part of the book Prosecuting Maritime Piracy, editors Michael P. Scharf, Michael Newton, and Milena

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