The (REIGN Dataset) (Rulers, Elections, and Irregular Governance) covers political conditions in every country each and every month. We update the data set monthly to reflect the most recent political events, such as coups, world elections, and changes in political leadership. We also provide monthly election coverage and track leadership changes in a series of updates called International Elections and Leaders.
Three elections were held in September. First, Bhutan held a first-round national assembly election on September 15th. Bhutan holds two rounds of parliamentary voting, with the top two parties contesting seats in the follow-up vote on October 18th. The ruling People’s Democratic Party unexpectedly came in third behind both the Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa party and the Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party and will subsequently be without representation in the new national assembly.
The Maldives held its presidential election on September 23rd, with opposition “candidate Ibrahim Mohamed Solih defeating incumbent Abdulla Yameen with 58.3 percent to Yameen’s 41.7 percent. Abdulla conceded the contest on September 24th, a positive sign that the Maldives is moving past a history of political instability and democratic backsliding.
Finally, Sweden held its general election on September 9th, with the incumbent red-green coalition coming just short of a majority. The opposition Moderate party lost seats, while the far-right Sweden Democrats made modest gains. After the election, center-left prime minister Stefan Lofven subsequently lost a vote of no-confidence and must now act as a caretaker prime minister during the process of electing a new prime minister.
Two new individuals took power during the month of September. In Madagascar, incumbent president Hery Rajaonarimampianina handed power over to Riko Rakotovao on an interim basis as Madagascar’s constitution requires incumbent leaders to step down 60 days before an election to be eligible for the presidential ballot.
In Slovenia, former comedian Marjan Sarec was confirmed as prime minister on September 13th. Sarec was previously famous for his satirical caricatures of Slovenian politicians before being elected the mayor of Kamnik in 2010.
Events to Watch in October
Several elections are set to take place in October. Bhutan will have its second round of voting for the national assembly on October 18th. In Europe, several countries will hold major elections, including Bosnia-Herzegovina (October 7), Georgia (October 28), Latvia (October 6), and Luxembourg (October 14). In South America, Brazil will hold its general election on October 7th. In Africa, Cameroon will hold its presidential election on October 7th. Finally, keep an eye on Fiji; no election date has been set as of yet, but the period between October and November is a likely candidate.