Business & Governance

Firm Behavior in Fragile States: The Cases of Somaliland, South Sudan, and Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

Author(s): Victor Odundo Owuor
Date: March 29, 2017
Publication Type: Research Report
Research Topics: Business & Governance


This report, based on field research, documents which features of business work in fragile areas and how businesses operate in regard to strategy, contract enforcement, and other aspects of firm behavior. The study was conducted in three conflict-affected jurisdictions: the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), an arena of long-simmering conflict; Somaliland, nominally part of a federation coming out of three decades of almost continuous conflict; and South Sudan, a new country that at the time of writing still struggles with civil war.

The case studies seek answers to two primary questions:

  • What strategies do companies use to conduct business in the eastern DRC, Somaliland, and South Sudan?
  • And what are the implications of firm behavior in these three jurisdictions?

Key Findings:

Specific implications and recommendations, while country-specific, can generally be summarized as follows:

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