Gender and Colombian Reintegration
Gender & Security, Political Conflict

The Missing Peace: Gender Considerations in Colombia's Reintegration Efforts

Author(s): Alexandra Amling
Date: March 5, 2019
Publication Type: Research Report
Research Topics: Gender & Security, Political Conflict

Overview:

Gender perspectives are understood as the differences in needs and challenges of men, women, boys, and girls which are based on the social construction of gender roles and norms. In DDR processes as well as in relation to other aspects of the implementation of peace agreements, these differences are often missing or not properly identified, resulting in women and girls not being able to access services and benefits. In other words, if the distinct roles men, women, boys, and girls play in conflict are not being assessed and analyzed, peace processes run the risk of continuing or exacerbating gender-based inequalities by both violent and non-violent means.

Key Findings:

  • In the absence of a clear understanding of the gendered nature of conflict and gender dynamics within armed groups, DDR programs tend to neglect the role of gender identities, whereby both men and women may struggle to live up to the expectations that their culture may place on them. 
     
  • There is the persistent association of men with being perpetrators of violence and women as victims. When their experiences do not match the cultural expectation, men/boys and women/girls face difficulties with acceptance of their experiences. This can perpetuate existing gender stereotypes that could aggravate tensions in the transitional phase from combatant to civilian. 
     
  • Though male perpetration of different forms of violence (including sexual and gender-based violence) has been established in the literature over time, “masculinity cannot be interpreted as a fixed propensity to violence” per se. In fact, the overemphasis on alleged male proclivities toward violence inhibits further examination of the degree to which gender stereotypes may also render men and boys vulnerable. 
     
  • A better understanding of gender can drive initiatives that aim at transforming gender identities that do not disadvantage one gender over another. 

Related Publications

Climate-Induced Migration and Instability: The Role of City Governments

Written by Ambika Chawla on June 5, 2017

Trends in urbanization and climate change are altering the nature of human settlements. As the number and impact of severe weather events increases, countries and cities are forced to cope.

Read more

Stable Seas: Somali Waters

Written by Ben Lawellin on May 1, 2017

This report shows how complex issues like illegal fishing, coastal violence, and human trafficking intersect to create a uniquely insecure maritime environment in Somali waters.

Read more
Multi-stakeholder Collaboration Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet: Multi-stakeholder Collaboration

Written by Conor Seyle, OEF Research, Kelsey Coolidge on April 20, 2017

This guide was produced by the Stanley Foundation in collaboration with the Stimson Center. It reviews findings from a seven week consultation process with eighty-two professionals working in global governance.

Read more
Refugees and National Security

Fact Sheet: Refugees and U.S. National Security

Written by Conor Seyle, OEF Research, Kelsey Coolidge on February 24, 2017

This fact sheet provides an overview of the US refugee admittance process and the current research on the threat posed to US national security by refugees.

Read more
Climate Change and Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa

What International Donors Should Know About Drought and Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa

Written by , on September 29, 2016

Some argue that climate change effects pose one of the greatest risks for political violence, and others argue there is no relationship whatsoever.

Read more
foreign policy analysis

Conditional Relationships Between Drought and Civil Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa

Written by Patrick W. Keys on August 15, 2016

Few cross-national studies provide evidence of a relationship between environmental scarcity and conflict, although much of the literature claims that destabilizing effects of environmental crises can be mitigated by the right sociopolitical

Read more
Seafarer Report

After the Release: The Long-Term Behavioral Impact of Piracy on Seafarers and Families

Written by Conor Seyle, Chirag Bahri, Kellie Brandt, Alexander Dimitrievich, Karina Fernandez, Tom Holmer, Niyati Malhotra on June 24, 2016

More than 3,000 seafarers have been held hostage by Somali pirates since 2001, with a significant, but unknown, number of seafarers kidnapped in other parts of the world.

Read more

Pages