Gender and Colombian Reintegration
Gender & Security, Political Conflict

The Missing Peace: Gender Considerations in Colombia's Reintegration Efforts

Author(s): Alexandra Amling
Date: March 5, 2019
Publication Type: Research Report
Research Topics: Gender & Security, Political Conflict

Overview:

Gender perspectives are understood as the differences in needs and challenges of men, women, boys, and girls which are based on the social construction of gender roles and norms. In DDR processes as well as in relation to other aspects of the implementation of peace agreements, these differences are often missing or not properly identified, resulting in women and girls not being able to access services and benefits. In other words, if the distinct roles men, women, boys, and girls play in conflict are not being assessed and analyzed, peace processes run the risk of continuing or exacerbating gender-based inequalities by both violent and non-violent means.

Key Findings:

  • In the absence of a clear understanding of the gendered nature of conflict and gender dynamics within armed groups, DDR programs tend to neglect the role of gender identities, whereby both men and women may struggle to live up to the expectations that their culture may place on them. 
     
  • There is the persistent association of men with being perpetrators of violence and women as victims. When their experiences do not match the cultural expectation, men/boys and women/girls face difficulties with acceptance of their experiences. This can perpetuate existing gender stereotypes that could aggravate tensions in the transitional phase from combatant to civilian. 
     
  • Though male perpetration of different forms of violence (including sexual and gender-based violence) has been established in the literature over time, “masculinity cannot be interpreted as a fixed propensity to violence” per se. In fact, the overemphasis on alleged male proclivities toward violence inhibits further examination of the degree to which gender stereotypes may also render men and boys vulnerable. 
     
  • A better understanding of gender can drive initiatives that aim at transforming gender identities that do not disadvantage one gender over another. 

Related Publications

Renewable Energy In Somalia

Powering Progress: The Potential Of Renewable Energy In Somalia

Written by Jami Nelson Nuñez on March 4, 2015

This report describes the evolving landscape of energy in the country and outlines the burden of limited electricity services and extremely high tariffs on households, businesses, and the environment.

Read more
Private Sector and Business role in atrocity crimes

The Role of Business in the Responsibility to Protect

Written by One Earth Future on December 19, 2014

This policy brief is based on “The Role of Business in the Responsibility to Protect,” a chapter which appeared in The Responsibility to Protect and the Third Pillar: Legitimacy and Operationalization.

Read more
L. Heger in Journal of Peace Research

Votes and violence: Pursuing terrorism while navigating politics

Written by Lindsay Heger on December 5, 2014

Many of the world’s most infamous terrorist organizations demonstrate clear political aptitude, maintaining highly successful political parties while simultaneously carrying out terrorist attacks.

Read more
Competition and Cooperation in Classroom

Cooperation and Competition in Large Classrooms

Written by Daniel Brian Krupp, Joseph Kim, Peter Taylor, Pat Barclay on October 23, 2014

Instructors of large classes often face challenges with student motivation. The classroom incentive structure – grades, extra credit, and instructor and peer acknowledgement – may shape student motivations to engage in their studies.

Read more
Improving effectiveness in deterring piracy

The Systematic Prosecution of Somali Pirate Leadership and the Primacy of Multi-Level Cooperation

Written by Jonathan Bellish on August 15, 2014

Since 2010, well over $100 million has been spent on investigating, prosecuting, and imprisoning pirates operating off the Horn of Africa. These efforts have been subject to two related criticisms.

Read more
R2PK Cover

The Role of Kenya's Private Sector in Peacebuilding: The Case of the 2013 Election Cycle

Written by Victor Odundo Owuor, Scott Wisor on June 9, 2014

Following the disputed presidential election results in 2007- 08, widespread violence engulfed Kenya, killing over one thousand people and displacing hundreds of thousands. One in three Kenyans were directly affected by the violence.

Read more
The ICC and Nonviolent Crimes Against Humanity

Improving Global Accountability: The ICC and Nonviolent Crimes Against Humanity

Written by One Earth Future on May 9, 2014

The journal Global Constitutionalism published an article by Eamon Aloyo in its November 2013 issue entitled, “Improving Global Accountability: The ICC and Nonviolent Crimes Against Humanity.”Aloyo’s article represents the view that some nonviolent

Read more
State of Maritime Piracy 2013

The State of Maritime Piracy 2013

Written by Conor Seyle, Jens Vestergaard Madsen, Kellie Brandt, Ben Purser, Heather Randall, Kellie Roy on May 7, 2014

Oceans Beyond Piracy has launched the fourth installment of its annual reports detailing the economic and human costs of African maritime piracy.

Read more

Pages