gender and reintegration in colombia
Political Conflict

The Missing Peace: Gender Considerations in Colombia's Reintegration Efforts

Author(s): Alexandra Amling
Date: March 5, 2019
Publication Type: Research Report
Research Topics: Political Conflict

Overview:

Gender perspectives are understood as the differences in needs and challenges of men, women, boys, and girls which are based on the social construction of gender roles and norms. In DDR processes as well as in relation to other aspects of the implementation of peace agreements, these differences are often missing or not properly identified, resulting in women and girls not being able to access services and benefits. In other words, if the distinct roles men, women, boys, and girls play in conflict are not being assessed and analyzed, peace processes run the risk of continuing or exacerbating gender-based inequalities by both violent and non-violent means.

Key Findings:

  • In the absence of a clear understanding of the gendered nature of conflict and gender dynamics within armed groups, DDR programs tend to neglect the role of gender identities, whereby both men and women may struggle to live up to the expectations that their culture may place on them. 
     
  • There is the persistent association of men with being perpetrators of violence and women as victims. When their experiences do not match the cultural expectation, men/boys and women/girls face difficulties with acceptance of their experiences. This can perpetuate existing gender stereotypes that could aggravate tensions in the transitional phase from combatant to civilian. 
     
  • Though male perpetration of different forms of violence (including sexual and gender-based violence) has been established in the literature over time, “masculinity cannot be interpreted as a fixed propensity to violence” per se. In fact, the overemphasis on alleged male proclivities toward violence inhibits further examination of the degree to which gender stereotypes may also render men and boys vulnerable. 
     
  • A better understanding of gender can drive initiatives that aim at transforming gender identities that do not disadvantage one gender over another. 

Related Publications

The ICC and Nonviolent Crimes Against Humanity

Improving Global Accountability: The ICC and Nonviolent Crimes Against Humanity

Written by One Earth Future on May 9, 2014

The journal Global Constitutionalism published an article by Eamon Aloyo in its November 2013 issue entitled, “Improving Global Accountability: The ICC and Nonviolent Crimes Against Humanity.”Aloyo’s article represents the view that some nonviolent

Read more
State of Maritime Piracy 2013

The State of Maritime Piracy 2013

Written by Conor Seyle, Jens Vestergaard Madsen, Kellie Brandt, Ben Purser, Heather Randall, Kellie Roy on May 7, 2014

Oceans Beyond Piracy has launched the fourth installment of its annual reports detailing the economic and human costs of African maritime piracy.

Read more
Reducing Armed Violence

Reducing Armed Violence with NGO Governance

Written by One Earth Future on April 3, 2014

A series of workshops convened by the One Earth Future Foundation and Rodney Bruce Hall (Oxford University) on the topic of the roles NGOs can play in contributing to peace and good governance resulted in the book Reducing Armed Violence with NGO

Read more
New Power Politics

The New Power Politics: Networks and Transnational Security Governance

Written by Deborah Avant, Lindsay Heger on February 12, 2014

The workshop series “The New Power Politics: Networks, Governance, and Global Security” examined how various networks of state and non-state actors work to address the governance of security.

Read more
Multi-Stakeholder Collaboration: How Government, Business, and Non-Governmental Leaders Transform Complex Challenges into New Possibilities

Multi-Stakeholder Collaboration: How Government, Business, and Non-Governmental Leaders Transform Complex Challenges into New Possibilities

Written by Fred Krawchuk on November 26, 2013

A hallmark of the contemporary international system is the complexity of problems facing actors today. Yet creative facilitators can build bridges between a wide array of actors to address these most difficult challenges.

Read more
Evolutionary Biology

How to distinguish altruism from spite (and why we should bother)

Written by Daniel Brian Krupp on October 8, 2013

Social behavior is often described as altruistic, spiteful, selfish, or mutually beneficial. These terms are appealing, but it has not always been clear how they are defined and what purpose they serve.

Read more
Global Constitutionalism

Improving global accountability: The ICC and nonviolent crimes against humanity

Written by Eamon Aloyo on October 7, 2013

Scholars have proposed a number of different ways to improve global accountability, but none has adequately addressed how individuals who commit widespread or systematic nonviolent wrongs can be held to account.

Read more
The Cost Of Maritime Piracy

The Human Cost of Maritime Piracy 2012

Written by Conor Seyle, Kaija Hurlburt on June 1, 2013

Oceans Beyond Piracy (OBP), a project of the One Earth Future Foundation; the International Maritime Bureau (IMB); and the Maritime Piracy Humanitarian Response Programme (MPHRP) are pleased to present the Human Cost of Maritime Piracy, 2012.

Read more

Pages