R2PK Cover
Business & Governance, Political Conflict

The Role of Kenya's Private Sector in Peacebuilding: The Case of the 2013 Election Cycle

Author(s): Victor Odundo Owuor, Scott Wisor
Date: June 9, 2014
Publication Type: Research Report
Research Topics: Political Conflict, Business & Governance

Overview:

Following the disputed presidential election results in 2007- 08, widespread violence engulfed Kenya, killing over one thousand people and displacing hundreds of thousands. One in three Kenyans were directly affected by the violence. In 2013, independent observers feared that new elections might produce similar or worse violence. The elections were held, and despite disputes over the final tallies and problems with the polling systems that had recently been put in place, the elections were the most peaceful in Kenya’s history. In part, this is due to the efforts of the Kenyan private sector and its work developing a sustained, systematic, and comprehensive peacebuilding campaign that has not previously been documented.

Key Findings:

The Kenyan business community played an essential part in facilitating peaceful elections in 2013, offering a blueprint for preventing future electoral violence.

The report does the following:

  • Identifies the private sector as a politically neutral actor that was an influential resource in preventing election cycle violence;
  • Demonstrates how the potential impact of violence motivated the private sector to take action on conflict-prevention activities; 
  • Finds that the power of the private sector is enhanced when it acts in a collective and coordinated fashion, and when it works with other spheres of society.

Related Publications

Recent Trends in Civil War Dynamics

Reassessing Rebellion

Written by Jay Benson, John Filitz, Eric Keels, Joshua Lambert on March 15, 2019

Though historically the number of armed conflicts has been declining, there has been a recent surge in ongoing civil wars. Intrastate armed conflicts therefore represent a persistent and dangerous threat to global stability.

Read more
A Story of Peace and Reconciliation in Colombia

Peace is Ours: A Story of Peace and Reconciliation in Colombia

Written by Alexandra Amling, Timothy Schommer, Illustrator: Chloé Dolic on March 6, 2019

Peace is Ours is the story of a young couple, Ximena and Jair, who attempt to build their lives in the shadow of the Colombian peace process in 2016.

Read more
Gender and Colombian Reintegration

The Missing Peace: Gender Considerations in Colombia's Reintegration Efforts

Written by Alexandra Amling on March 5, 2019

Gender perspectives are understood as the differences in needs and challenges of men, women, boys, and girls which are based on the social construction of gender roles and norms.

Read more
Implications of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for Fragile States

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Implications for Fragile States

Written by Victor Odundo Owuor, Sierra Method on February 22, 2019

The fact-sheet is a continuation of the OEFR Business & Governance project’s series on disruptive technologies and fragile states. The global market for unmanned aircraft vehicles (UAVs) or “drones” has grown rapidly in last few years.

Read more
policy brief diaspora investment fragile states

Policy Brief: Diaspora’s Investment in Fragile and Conflict Impacted Economies

Written by Jay Benson, Victor Odundo Owuor on February 12, 2019

Fragile and conflict impacted states often suffer from a severe lack of investment capital for private sector development.

Read more
diaspora investment fragile states

Investing from Abroad

Written by Jay Benson, Victor Odundo Owuor on February 11, 2019

Fragile and conflict impacted states often suffer from a severe lack of investment capital for private sector development.

Read more
exploring the puzzle rebel terrorism

Exploring the Puzzle of Rebel Terrorism

Written by Eric Keels on December 11, 2018

The decision by rebel groups to employ terrorism is influenced, in part, by the structure of rebel organizations as well as the strategic environment in which they operate.

Read more
The Collapse of Mozambique’s 2013 Peace Agreement and Why it Matters

The Collapse of Mozambique’s 2013 Peace Agreement and Why it Matters

Written by John Filitz on July 19, 2018

This discussion paper analyzes the structural and causal factors that led to the collapse of Mozambique’s landmark 1992 General Peace Agreement in October 2013 and why they matter for the country’s future stability.

Read more

Pages