State of Maritime Piracy 2013
Political Conflict

The State of Maritime Piracy 2013

Author(s): Conor Seyle, Jens Vestergaard Madsen, Kellie Brandt, Ben Purser, Heather Randall, Kellie Roy
Date: May 7, 2014
Publication Type: Research Report
Research Topics: Political Conflict


Oceans Beyond Piracy has launched the fourth installment of its annual reports detailing the economic and human costs of African maritime piracy. The study, "The State of Maritime Piracy 2013," examines the costs incurred as a result of piracy occurring off the coast of Somalia, as well as in the Gulf of Guinea. 

Key Findings:

East Africa
  • Overall cost of Somali piracy is down around 50% from 2012.
  • Attacks carried out by Somalia-based pirates continued multi-year decline; only 23 vessels were attacked. However, regional seafarers still at high risk.
  • The international community spent an estimated $139.1 million to deter each attack that took place in 2013.
  • Despite significant progress in the fight against Somali piracy, the remaining 54 hostages have been held for an average of almost 3 years.

West Africa

  • Attacks in West Africa in 2013 were much more frequent than those by Somali pirates.
  • Attacks in the Gulf of Guinea are more violent than attacks in East Africa.
  • Longer term affects on seafarers subjected to violence is hard to determine based on a lack of reporting and assessment. 

    Related Publications

    Recent Trends in Civil War Dynamics

    Reassessing Rebellion

    Written by Jay Benson, Eric Keels, Joshua Lambert on March 15, 2019

    Though historically the number of armed conflicts has been declining, there has been a recent surge in ongoing civil wars. Intrastate armed conflicts therefore represent a persistent and dangerous threat to global stability.

    Read more
    A Story of Peace and Reconciliation in Colombia

    Peace is Ours: A Story of Peace and Reconciliation in Colombia

    Written by Alexandra Amling, Timothy Schommer, Illustrator: Chloé Dolic on March 6, 2019

    Peace is Ours is the story of a young couple, Ximena and Jair, who attempt to build their lives in the shadow of the Colombian peace process in 2016.

    Read more
    gender and reintegration in colombia

    The Missing Peace: Gender Considerations in Colombia's Reintegration Efforts

    Written by Alexandra Amling on March 5, 2019

    Gender perspectives are understood as the differences in needs and challenges of men, women, boys, and girls which are based on the social construction of gender roles and norms.

    Read more
    exploring the puzzle rebel terrorism

    Exploring the Puzzle of Rebel Terrorism

    Written by Eric Keels on December 11, 2018

    The decision by rebel groups to employ terrorism is influenced, in part, by the structure of rebel organizations as well as the strategic environment in which they operate.

    Read more
    The Collapse of Mozambique’s 2013 Peace Agreement and Why it Matters

    The Collapse of Mozambique’s 2013 Peace Agreement and Why it Matters

    Written by , on July 19, 2018

    This discussion paper analyzes the structural and causal factors that led to the collapse of Mozambique’s landmark 1992 General Peace Agreement in October 2013 and why they matter for the country’s future stability.

    Read more

    The Geography of Violence Against Civilians: Implications for Peace Enforcement

    Written by Jay Benson on February 21, 2018

    UN peacekeeping operations have evolved in recent years to include more robust missions that pursue peace enforcement in a way not previously seen.

    Read more
    cover of geography of violence against civilians

    Policy Brief: Peace Enforcement and the Geography of Violence Against Civilians

    Written by Jay Benson on February 21, 2018

    Peace enforcement has become the subject of vigorous debate among both policy makers and academics working in the field of peace operations.

    Read more
    Threat of World War


    Written by Aaron Clauset on September 20, 2017

    Since 1945, there have been relatively few large interstate wars, especially compared to the preceding 30 years. The implications of this pattern, sometimes called “the Long Peace,” remain highly controversial. Is this an enduring trend toward peace

    Read more