This research examines the effects of women’s representation in resistance movements on their choice of strategies and movement effectiveness. The Women in Resistance (WiRe) data set is the first attempt to assess resistance movements on the degree to which they incorporate women into their political goals, their memberships, and their leadership. It includes data on 338 resistance movements committed to the overthrow of a government or territorial self-determination from 1945-2014. This report provides an overview of the WiRe data set and assesses how women’s engagement in resistance movements can affect movement performance. It concludes that increasing women’s engagement is associated with more nonviolent strategies and more effective movements.
Front-line women’s engagement is present in 76% of violent campaigns, and 99% of nonviolent campaigns.
The greater the role of women in the campaign, the more likely the campaign is to use nonviolent methods, even in highly repressive contexts.
Nonviolent campaigns with high participation by women or where women call for peaceful mobilization are more likely to shift the loyalty of security forces, an important element of campaign success.
Frontline women’s participation and gender-inclusive ideologies are correlated with successful campaigns even when controlling for other elements.
This research examines the effects of women’s representation in resistance movements on their choice of strategies and movement effectiveness. The Women in Resistance (WiRe) data set is the first attempt to assess resistance movements on the degree
Written byJay Benson, Joshua Lambert, Eric Keelson March 15, 2019
Though historically the number of armed conflicts has been declining, there has been a recent surge in ongoing civil wars. Intrastate armed conflicts therefore represent a persistent and dangerous threat to global stability.
This discussion paper analyzes the structural and causal factors that led to the collapse of Mozambique’s landmark 1992 General Peace Agreement in October 2013 and why they matter for the country’s future stability.