Women’s Participation and Nonviolent Campaigns
Political Conflict

Women’s Participation and The Fate Of Nonviolent Campaigns | Report

Author(s): Erica Chenoweth
Date: September 30, 2019
Publication Type: Research Report
Research Topics: Political Conflict

Overview:

This research examines the effects of women’s representation in resistance movements on their choice of strategies and movement effectiveness.  The Women in Resistance (WiRe) data set is the first attempt to assess resistance movements on the degree to which they incorporate women into their political goals, their memberships, and their leadership.  It includes data on 338 resistance movements committed to the overthrow of a government or territorial self-determination from 1945-2014.  This report provides an overview of the WiRe data set and assesses how women’s engagement in resistance movements can affect movement performance.  It concludes that increasing women’s engagement is associated with more nonviolent strategies and more effective movements.

Key Findings:

  • Front-line women’s engagement is present in 76% of violent campaigns, and 99% of nonviolent campaigns.
  • The greater the role of women in the campaign, the more likely the campaign is to use nonviolent methods, even in highly repressive contexts.
  • Nonviolent campaigns with high participation by women or where women call for peaceful mobilization are more likely to shift the loyalty of security forces, an important element of campaign success.
  • Frontline women’s participation and gender-inclusive ideologies are correlated with successful campaigns even when controlling for other elements.

Related Publications

Burden Sharing Governance

Burden Sharing Multi-level Governance: A Study of the Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia

Written by Conor Seyle, Danielle A. Zach, Jens Vestergaard Madsen on May 26, 2013

The world confronts many threats with transnational dimensions that transcend the the capacity of states to address.

Read more
Business Participation in the Responsibility to Protect

Business Participation in the Responsibility to Protect

Written by Conor Seyle on April 26, 2013

Past research on business engagement with human rights, peace, and security has identified specific reasons why national and transnational companies may be interested in participating, as well as how they have contributed to protecting human rights

Read more

Governance, Democracy and Peace: How State Capacity and Regime Type Influence the Prospects for War and Peace

Written by Conor Seyle, David Cortright, Kristen Wall on April 26, 2013

This white paper offers a synthetic review of empirical evidence on the elements of state governance that affect interstate and intrastate armed conflict. In the first part of the paper we examine state capacity and institutional quality.

Read more
Criminal Court and Torture

Does the International Criminal Court Deter Torture?

Written by Eamon Aloyo, Yvonne M. Dutton, Lindsay Heger on March 8, 2013

Despite widespread commitment to the international human rights regime, human rights abuses persist and go unpunished.

Read more
Terrorism and Political Violence

Organizing for Resistance: How Group Structure Impacts the Character of Violence

Written by Danielle Jung, Wendy H. Wong, Lindsay Heger on November 15, 2012

How does the way in which a group organizes change the lethality of the group's attacks? In this article, we argue that groups organized vertically as hierarchies are likely to conduct more lethal attacks.

Read more
Failures in Somalia

Twenty Years of Collapse and Counting: The Cost of Failure in Somalia

Written by John Norris, Bronwyn Bruton on September 19, 2011

This paper explores the staggeringly high costs of the crises response rather than the crises prevention approach by looking at the case of Somalia.

Read more
Maritime Piracy

Maritime Piracy

Written by Robert Haywood, Roberta Spivak on August 19, 2011

Maritime Piracy is now a pressing global issue, and this work seeks to provide a concise and informative introduction to the area.

Read more

Pages